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How can we use hemp?

Nothing goes to waste with Hemp, today just like yesterday

Hemp originated in Central Asia. Hemp cultivation for fibre was recorded in China as early as 2800 BCE and was practiced in the Mediterranean countries of Europe early in the Christian era, spreading throughout the rest of Europe during the Middle Ages. It was planted in Chile in the 1500s and a century later in North America.

Hemp is grown in temperate zones as an annual cultivated from seed and can reach a height of up to 5 metres (16 feet). Crops grow best in sandy loam with good drainage and require average monthly rainfall of at least 65 mm (2.5 inches) throughout the growing season. Crops cultivated for fibre are densely sowed and produce plants averaging 2–3 metres (6–10 feet) tall with almost no branching. Plants grown for oilseed are planted farther apart and are shorter and many-branched. In fibre production, maximum yield and quality are obtained by harvesting soon after the plants reach maturity, indicated by the full blossoms and freely shedding pollen of the male plants. Although sometimes pulled up by hand, plants are more often cut off about 2.5 cm (1 inch) above the ground.

Fibres

Fibres are obtained by subjecting the stalks to a series of operations—including retting, drying, and crushing—and a shaking process that completes separation from the woody portion, releasing the long, fairly straight fibre, or line. The fibre strands, usually over 1.8 metres (5.8 feet) long, are made of individual cylindrical cells with an irregular surface.

The fibre, longer and less flexible than flax, is usually yellowish, greenish, or a dark brown or gray and, because it is not easily bleached to sufficiently light shades, is rarely dyed. It is strong and durable and is used for cordage—e.g., twine, yarn, rope, cable, and string—and for artificial sponges and such coarse fabrics as sacking (burlap) and canvas. In Italy some hemp receives special processing, producing whitish colour and attractive lustre, and is used to make fabric similar to linen. Hemp fibre is also used to make bioplastics that can be recyclable and biodegradable, depending on the formulation.

Edibles

The edible seeds contain about 30 percent oil and are a source of protein, fibre, and magnesium. Shelled hemp seeds, sometimes called hemp hearts, are sold as a health food and may be eaten raw; they are commonly sprinkled on salads or blended with fruit smoothies. Hemp seed milk is used as an alternative to dairy milk in drinks and recipes.

Hemp Oil

Hemp oil is used to favour and protect the correct functioning of physiological processes, from metabolism to the immune defences, and it is known as well for its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, to reduce stress, insomnia and anxiety.

Along with fish oil and linseed oil, hemp oil is one of the few vegetal sources of alpha-linolenic acid.

In particular, hemp seed oil is known for its optimal balance between omega-3s and omega-6s: no other food is able to guarantee a 3:1 proportion, a ratio recommended by medical research and by the most advanced dietary theories.
This, in fact, is the main difference between hemp seed oil and other oils used in foods or as food supplements.

In hemp oil also significant amounts of amino-acids are present, essential for the correct functioning of the organism; numerous vitamins, among which A, E, B1, B2, PP, C; mineral salts like iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus; phytosterols, cannabinoids like CBD, (Cannabidiol) which, according to recent scientific research, plays an important role in modulation at the level of the immune system and cognitive functions.

The level of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychotropic active principle, is very low, less than one part per million, hence in order to have psychotropic effects from this substance, one should consume about 5-9 litres a day.
Up to today, no adverse side effects have occurred when consuming hemp oil, but on the contrary, beneficial effects on health have been observed.  

The benefits of Hemp Oil

A daily intake of 1 teaspoon of hemp seed oil a day, at the preventive level; and from 1 to 3 tablespoons to be distributed throughout the day have demonstrated excellent result in case of:

  1. Disorders of the osteo-articular and muscular systems: it is used for the prevention and the treatment of arthrosis and arthritis, muscular and joint pain.
  2. Cardiovascular and metabolic disorders: the daily use of hemp oil reduces the cholesterol level and the level of triglycerides in the blood, thus reducing also the risk of thrombosis, hypertension, vasculopathies e atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disorders in general, as it maintains the walls of the blood vessels flexible.
  3. Pathologies of the respiratory system: it is used to cure asthma, sinusitis, tracheitis and varies other respiratory diseases.
  4. Skin conditions like atopic and dry dermatitis, psoriasis, herpes, erythema, vitiligo, eczema, mycoses and for all localized inflammations or irritations. It may improve the conditions of the skin affected by acne. 
  5. Pathologies of the gastro-intestinal tract and the liver: chronic infection of the bladder, ulcerative colitis, treatment of the irritable bowel.
  6. Imbalances of the female hormone system: ovarian cysts, menstrual pain, fibrocystic breast, it is extremely useful for the premenstrual syndrome as well as in menopause, as it fights osteoporosis.
  7. Neurological and mental problems: it reinforces the nervous system, can be used to treat learning problems, memory deficits, difficulty concentrating and lack of attention, chronic depression and postnatal depression; speech and personality disorders, autism, neurosis.